KEY ARTISTS OF POST-IMPRESSIONISM
Paul Cézanne was the single most influential artist in shaping 20th century art movements. His aim was to find an enduring pictorial form that would make sense of the world and he changed the history of art completely.
Both Monet and Picasso declared that Cézanne ‘is the greatest of us all’. 
Other painters such as Edgar Degas, Pierre-Auguste Renoir, Paul Gauguin, Kasimir Malevich, Georges Rouault, Paul Klee, and Henri Matisse also acknowledged Cézanne’s genius. 
He was born in Aix-en-Provence, France, to a very wealthy family. Initially, he studied law but then travelled to Paris to become an artist. Throughout the first decade of his career, the juried Paris Salons refused to accept his paintings.  The reason could have been that his work at this time was very dark with violent undertones. In 1874 and 1877, he exhibited with the Impressionists and his work was ridiculed by the public. However, he began to attract the interest of important collectors such as Count Armand Doria and Victor Chocquet and even his fellow artists including Degas, Monet and Gauguin began purchasing his work.
Under the influence of Pissarro, he began over time, to lighten his palette and use smaller brush strokes. He was a slow and methodical painter returning to the same subject matter over and over again, such as Mont Saint Victoire and particularly, his still life’s, where he explored spatial relationships, by arranging a small set of household objects along with fruit and vegetables. 
He sought to create what he called ‘harmony in parallel with nature’ by using angled brush strokes and colour juxtapositions. He believed that the Impressionist paintings lacked structure, which he was more interested in portraying, rather than simply capturing a ‘sensation’ or superficial appearance. He used a wide colour palette which included: –
White – Lead and Zinc White,
Black – Peach Black,
Yellow – Chrome Yellow, Yellow Ochre and Naples Yellow,
Red – Red Ochre, Vermilion, Rose Madder, Carmine, and Burnt Lake,
Blue – Cobalt Blue, Ultramarine Blue, and Prussian Blue,
Green – Emerald Green, Viridian, and Terre Vert,
Orange – Burnt and Raw Sienna.
He also used a pale ground, which is often visible through the gaps in the paint. 
He died relatively quickly, after contracting pneumonia, and a year after his death, his work received rave reviews from artists including Picasso, Matisse and Braque.