5 top tips to radically change your painting style

Welcome once again to Emily McCormack-Artist’s blog on all things Oil Painting.

Over the last few blogs, we looked at the Primary Colours – RED, BLUE AND YELLOW. * Now, I know, I said in the last blog, we would be taking a look at the Secondary Colours and the colour Green in this week’s blog. However, during the week, I was sorting through old workshop paintings and thought it would be better, before we delved any further into the colour wheel, that we take a high-level look at 5 Colour Combinations, and how, as a beginner, they could radically change your painting style.

So, hold on to your horses, for a quick and dirty 5 top tips…

The Colour Wheel

The modern-day colour wheel has 12 SEGMENTS: –

3 Primary

  • Red (R)
  • Blue (B)
  • Yellow (Y)

3 Secondary

  • Violet (V)
  • Green (G)
  • Orange (O)

6 Tertiary

  • Red Orange (RO)
  • Red Violet (RV)
  • Blue Violet (BV)
  • Blue Green (BG)
  • Yellow Green (YG)
  • Yellow Orange (YO)

So, as we previously said, Red, Blue and Yellow, the primary colour’s, cannot be made.

Now, Violet, Green and Orange, the Secondary Colours, on the other hand, are made by mixing equal quantities of 2 primary colours as follows: –

VIOLET = RED + BLUE

WHAT ARE COLOUR COMBINATIONS

Colour combinations can really help to transform your painting style. You can use one single colour and tint or shade it (Monochromatic). You can use colours adjacent to each other in the Colour Wheel such as red, red-violet, violet, blue-violet and blue (harmonious) or you can use opposite colours such as red and green (Complements) …..

Read on for my 5 TOP TIPS…

TOP TIP 1 – MONOCHROMATIC

As mentioned above, this is taking one hue, in other words, one single colour, which you can then:

  • LIGHTEN with white to create a TINT; or
  • DARKEN with either: –
    • black to create a SHADE; or
    • it’s complement (opposite number on the colour wheel). So, for: –
      • RED you would use GREEN,
      • BLUE you would use ORANGE (including UMBERS & SIENNAS),
      • YELLOW you would use VIOLET.
monochromatic deep blue
monochromatic red
monochromatic blue

If you would like to try your hand as I did above, then check out works by other Artists such as: –

Kazimir Malevich (1878 – 1935), Josef Albers (1888 – 1976), Ad Reinhardt (1913 – 1967), Agnes Martin (1912-2004) and Gerhard Richter (1935 – ).

TOP TIP 2 – ANALOGOUS OR HARMONIC

So, for this, you would use colours adjacent or beside each other on the Colour Wheel, such as: –

  • Red, Violet and Blue; or
  • Violet, Blue and Green; or
  • Red, Orange and Yellow – and so on….

These colours when combined are easy on the eye. So, in the paintings below, I’m using a combination of Violets, Blues and Greens:

harmonic colours after Monet

After Monet

harmonic colours The River Boyne

The River Boyne

harmonic colours an Irish abstraction

The Irish Abstraction

To learn more on this type of colour combinations, I suggest you take a look at the impressionists and in particular Claude Monet (1840 – 1926) and his Water Lily series of paintings (c.250 no.).

TOP TIP 3 – TRIADIC

This is where you select 3 colours that are equal distance on the colour wheel. For example: –

  • Red, Blue and Yellow
  • Orange, Violet and Green

This type of palette, can, if you are not careful, result in a very garish and bright painting, that might not be to everyone’s taste. However, used with caution, it can work out very well indeed.

winter sun

Winter Sun

Ships Ahoy Tonight

Ships Ahoy Tonight

Horizon at the Worlds End

Horizon At The Worlds End

If this colour palette tickles your fancy, then take a peek at Vermeer’s – The Milkmaid and other works by Warhol, Matisse, Munch and Monet’s earlier works on the Argenteuil.

TOP TIP 4 – COMPLEMENTARY

So, this is where you use colours that are opposite each other on the colour wheel, as follows:

  • Red and Green
  • Yellow and Violet
  • Blue and Orange (include Umbers and Sienna’s)
roses with bright green
a rose by any other name
study after Seago

As a rule of thumb though, use one colour predominantly, try not to use 50% strength of each, as they will battle/compete for attention. But again, every rule was made to be broken, so don’t let me stop you.

Other artists to check out for this type of palette include Van Gogh, Picasso, Chagall, Van Eyck and Klee.

TOP TIP 5 – SPLIT COMPLEMENT

Last, but certainly not least, is the Split Complement. Now, for the moment, we are only looking at the primary and secondary colours. However, in future blogs, we will introduce the tertiary colours, these control temperature (i.e. warm and cool) and you will see for yourself, that these will bring even more magic into your paintings. But, for the moment, we are keeping things simple.

So, a split complement, is where you pick your main or dominant colour and instead of choosing the opposite complement, you select the 2 colours on either side of the complement, as follows:

6 segment colour wheel
  • Red – instead of Green

  • you select Yellow & Blue

  • Blue – instead of Orange

  • you select Red & Yellow

  • Yellow – instead of Violet

  • you select Red & Blue

colour combinations painting

In our next Blog, we will take another little look at Colour Tips and Terminology and thereafter, we will begin our journey through the Secondary Colours, commencing with the colour Green then Violet and finally Orange.

Until then stay safe and keep painting.

Emily McCormack
2021

* As always, I am not affiliated with any brands, stores, or persons I may or may not mention and your use of any of these products, links and the like are your own risk and it’s up to you to do your research/homework before you use them. This is just my opinion and experience.

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